In Grammatik By Alexander

Fremtiden for fortiden i det engelske sprog — Time Future in the Past

På engelsk, alt er muligt. Selv en så absurd navn for en hel gruppe gange — Future in the Past — fremtid i fortiden. Hvordan kan det være, spørger du. Som en frygtelig fremtid i forbindelse med fortiden? Meget simpelt — vi taler om, når vi taler om den indsats, der er fremtiden for et bestemt punkt i fortiden. Bare give et eksempel:

He said he would come at 5 o’clock. – He said he would come at 5 o’clock. – Han sagde, han ville komme klokken 5.

På det tidspunkt endnu ikke når det siges har 5 timer. Det er effekten af ​​»komme» er fremtiden i forhold til tidligere indsats, «sagde han.» Her har du tid, Future in the Past

Der er en fire-tiden Gruppe Future in the Past

  1. Future Simple in the Past
  2. Future Continuous in the Past
  3. Future Perfect in the Past
  4. Future Perfect Continuous in the Past

Uddannelse Times Future in the Past: Formel

Times Future in the Past dannes på samme måde som deres kolleger fra gruppen Future kun i stedet for hjælpeansatte verber will og shall bruge would og should Should bruges kun til den første person ental og flertal, men der er en tendens til at bruge would for alle personer og tal:

Future Simple in the Past Future Continuous in the Past
I would (should) work. I would (should) be working.
We would (should) work. We would (should) be working.
You would work. You would be working.
He (she, it) would work. He (she, it) would be working.
They would work. They would be working.
Future Perfect in the Past Future Perfect Continuous in the Past
I would (should) have worked. I would (should) have been working.
We would (should) have worked. We would (should) have been working.
You would have worked. You would have been working.
He (she, it) would have worked. He (she, it) would have been working.
They would have worked. They would have been working.

Den spørgende form af det ekstra verbum would should sættes før emnet:

  • Would I work?
  • Would we be working?
  • Would he have worked?
  • Would they have been working?

Den negative form, not placeres efter den ekstra verbum would should

  • I would not work.
  • We would not be working.
  • He would not have worked.
  • They would not have been working.

Som en forkortet form anvendt ‘d bekræftende både medhjælpere og wouldn t shouldn t benægtende:

  • He’d be working.
  • They wouldn’t have worked.
  • We shouldn’t work.

Brug Future in the Past: eksempler på forslag

Times Future in the Past bruges i bisætninger, når de vigtigste klausul prædikat af et verbum til udtryk i datid. Formålet med brugen af Future in the Past — for at vise, at handlingen i bisætningen vil ske efter handlingen i den vigtigste klausul.

Her er nogle eksempler Future in the Past

I thought that you would be late — Jeg troede, du skulle være . (Future Simple in the Past) . (Future Simple in the Past)

I knew we would be packing next Friday. – next Friday. – Jeg ved, at vi skal mødes i næste . (Future Continuous in the Past) . (Future Continuous in the Past)

He said he would have read the book by the time I needed it. – the book by the time I needed it. – Han sagde, han færdig med at læse bogen til det tidspunkt, hvor hun havde brug for . (Future Perfect in the Past) . (Future Perfect in the Past)

We said that by the time he picks us up he would have been driving for two hours. – for two hours. – Han sagde, at med den tid, han poberet os, vil han blive ride to . (Future Perfect Continuous in the Past) . (Future Perfect Continuous in the Past)

Således tidspunktet Future in the Past angiver fremtidige indsats i forhold til et bestemt punkt i fortiden. Som det kan ses af eksemplerne, skal forslaget indeholde et verbum i datid i de vigtigste klausul, uden brug af Future in the Past umulig.

Hvis du allerede har stødt på sådan et tema som «Tiden sekvens på engelsk», vil du forstå, at tidspunktet for Future in the Past opstod netop på grund af reglerne for koordinering. Interessant, på engelsk grammatik manualer gange Future in the Past ikke skiller sig ud som en særskilt gruppe, og betragtes inden reglerne i tider og udtryk for de fremtidige aktioner, der er beskrevet i fortiden. Hertil kommer, om brugen would i stedet will vi lærer i studiet af indirekte tale på engelsk, så det er også underlagt reglerne i tider:

He says: “ I won’t buy this car. ” – denne bil. He says: “ I won’t buy this car. ” – He says: “ I won’t buy this car. ” – Han siger:» Jeg kan ikke købe bil «.

He said he wouldn’t buy this car. – He said he wouldn’t buy this car. – Han sagde, han ikke købe den bil.

She hopes she will have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – i begyndelsen af foråret. She hopes she will have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – She hopes she will have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – Det er håbet, at kurset vil slutte af forsommeren.

She hoped she would have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – i begyndelsen af foråret. She hoped she would have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – She hoped she would have finished the courses by the beginning of spring. – Det er håbet, at kurset vil slutte af forsommeren.

Ud fra disse eksempler er det klart, at tidspunktet for gruppen Future udtrykke fremtidige indsats i forhold til i dag, og den tid af gruppen Future in the Past — fremtidige foranstaltninger med hensyn til det sidste øjeblik.

Endelig er det fortsat at sige, at Future in the Past normalt anvendes efter verber at tale say tell og mentale aktiviteter think ​​ know believe ​​ expect hope etc.)

Ansøgning gange Future Continuous in the Past Future Perfect in the Past og Future Perfect Continuous in the Past — betydeligt begrænset, men den Future Simple in the Past er ikke ualmindeligt.

Underlagt gange Future in the Past har vi overvejet separat som den anså indenlandske fordele, da det er til stede i lærebøger, og de ​​studerende kan være svært. Men jeg tror, ​​at disse tider ikke tildeles som modtages engelsksprogede grammatikere, flere logiske ikke at skabe unødig forvirring.

Nu prøve følgende test Future in the Past at konsolidere deres viden:

 

Grammatik

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